Lumumba ice cream

“Without dignity there is no freedom, without justice there is no dignity and without independence there are no free men.”

Ever heard of Patrice Lumumba? A controversial independence politician and African nationalist in his lifetime, he was the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Congo.  Much can be said about Lumumba, who today is considered a hero and a martyr in Congo, but where is the ice cream connection? Well, there exists a long drink named after Lumumba. And the Lumumba drink  – usually made up of chocolate, cream and brandy – turns out to be just the perfect ice cream flavour! So, get ready for one of the very best chocolate ice cream-varieties I have ever tried!


Patrice Lumumba (1925 – 1961)

Lumumba – the drink

The exact origins of the Lumumba drink seem difficult to pinpoint. The actual mix of chocolate, brandy (sometimes rhum) and cream existed already before him (in certain parts of Germany, such drinks have long been known as ‘Tote Tante’  [Dead Aunt]. Don’t ask me why, because I have no idea – perhaps some German reader could help us out on that one?).

I have read that the original naming of the drink – which probably dates from the 1960’s – may have been intended to be derogatory and racist (Lumumba’s skin colour = the colour of the chocolate).  But fortunately, culture and cultural meanings can, and do, change! The political left – who held Patrice Lumumba in high regard – apparently picked up the name of the drink and loaded it with positive connotations of appreciation and solidarity. By the 1970’s, the naming had come to stand for something positive, and I sure hope that remains the case today.


The Swedish version – Lummelumba ice cream from the island of Gotland

I would love to claim credit for the great idea to turn the Lumumba drink into an ice cream flavour. But apart from the fact that there probably already exist ice cream-varieties out there of about every alcoholic drink ever invented by man, I also happen to know of a commercial version of this particular flavour!

Gute Glass, one of my favourite regional Swedish ice cream producers, is seated on the charming island of Gotland. For a very long time, they sold an ice cream flavour named “Lummelumba” – the name being partly a reference to the Lumumba drink, and partly a reference to a county of the island named Lummelunda, well-known for its fascinating underground cave.

From the mesmerising interiors of the Lummelunda underground cave on the island of Gotland in Sweden


The island of Gotland is a truly enchanted place in its own right, with medieval architecture and a fascinating nature. And I am no stranger to it – both the island and the ice creams from Gute Glass hold a very special place in my heart. Once upon a time in my youth, I was doing my military service on that island. Afterwards – like most of my comrades-in-arms – I vowed never to return if I could avoid it … only to somewhat later fall in love with a girl from the island. Soon, the vow was forgotten, the trips to Gotland became numerous, as well as the number of ice creams enjoyed there.

But all that time, I never really understood the name, nor could I accurately identify the particular flavour of the Lummelumba ice cream. But when I recently found out, I longed to test a version of my own!

Keeping true to the long drink-origins, the amount of alcohol used in this recipe places the ice cream in the category “adult ice creams”. So, unless you plan on substituting the brandy with some type of flavour extract, I would reserve this one for the grown-ups:-) .


Choosing a base – simplified custard!

Simplified custard is a base that falls somewhere between the other main ice cream-bases, and the name attempts to convey some of its characteristics: the base is cooked, but uses much less eggs than ‘full-fledged” Italian/French-style custards.  And there is no ‘tempering’ of the egg(s) to be done:  the egg(s) go into the ice cream base with (most of) the other ingredients right from the very beginning!

Another way to describe the base would be to say that it is a lot like an American-style base, but with an added egg thrown into the mixture – a mixture which then is cooked on the stove, to take care of any worries caused by raw eggs.

While the other bases of course also could be used, I find that the simplified custard works extremely well for the Lumumba ice cream!


How to prepare the ice cream

The ingredients are straightforward, and reflect the obvious chocolate base: Cocoa powder (in respect of Patrice Lumumba, I used fair-trade), some high-quality dark chocolate, raw sugar, cream, whole milk, some vanilla and a couple of pinches of salt, an egg and some brandy. For the brandy, I used some French Cognac (which, after all, is a noble type of brandy).



Fair-trade cocoa, high quality dark chocolate and French Cognac … the main defining ingredients in my Lumumba ice cream


The rest is really very uncomplicated – Except for the alcohol, all the ingredients including the egg are whisked together in a sauce-pan from the very start.

Then turn on the heat, continue to whisk the mixture and carefully bring the base to a temperature of about 82-84º C /189-183ºF (or rely on the Spoon-test as described here, in the section about making custard). As always when it comes to custards, you do not want to create any scrambled eggs.

When your simplified custard has reached the required temperature, take if off from the heat and cool the base as quickly as possible. Now add the brandy/cognac. The base should then be left in the fridge to mature for a few hours, or preferably over night, before churning.

A note on the brandy and the alcohol content:  In case you would like to reduce the amount of alcohol while retaining the brandy flavour, you could try adding the brandy to the mixture from the very beginning (the heating will make some alcohol evaporate, but despite the heating there will, however, apparently still be quite some left – just so you know). Personally, I prefer to add the brandy towards the end, when the ice cream base is about to cool down.



Delicous Lumumba ice cream straight from the churning


The final result

Some ice cream flavours just turn out to be SO much better than you ever could have imagined – and this is one of them!

I never believed that the rather simple combination of chocolate and brandy would create such an interesting, exquisite result. While obviously a type of chocolate ice cream, the Lumumba combination manages to create something unique … and absolutely delicious! The rich chocolate marries perfectly with the distinct, yet hard to identify, flavour accent brought by the brandy – a splendid example of when an alcohol can be more impressive in an ice cream than in a glass! 

And the ice cream does not come over as “overly alcoholic” either. In fact, most friends who have enjoyed it have even failed to identify the brandy as an ingredient! The ice cream also receives high marks in terms of consistency and structure: the alcohol ensures that it remains scoopable and relatively soft even when frozen.

The Lumumba ice cream is a real gem, and ranks very high on my list of favourite flavours.  So, spare a thought to anti-colonialism and the ideals of Patrice Lumumba and try for yourself!



(Somewhat more than) a scoop of Lumumba ice cream – the perfect marriage between chocolate and brandy

5.0 from 2 reviews
Lumumba ice cream
The classic Lumumba combination - rich chocolate and brandy - proves that some flavours can be SO much more than just the sum of its parts! One of the best chocolate ice cream varieties I have tried:-)
  • 250 ml (about 1 cup) heavy cream
  • 40 gram (about 7 tablespoons) cocoa
  • 300 ml (about 1.3 cups) whole milk
  • 80 ml (about 0.34 cup) raw sugar
  • 100 gram dark chocolate of high cocoa-content and quality (I used a bar of Lindt 70%)
  • 1 whole egg
  • 1 teaspoon genuine, good quality vanilla extract
  • about 70 ml (0.3 cup) brandy/cognac (about 5 tablespoons)
  • A couple of pinches of salt
  1. Put the cream, the milk, the egg, the cocoa, the raw sugar, the vanilla extract and the salt together in a saucepan.
  2. Carefully bring the mixture to a temperature of between 82-84º C /189-183ºF, while whisking and making sure that the base does not boil.
  3. Meanwhile, chop the chocolate roughly. Once the ice cream base is sufficiently heated, add the chocolate and stir until it is melted. Take off from the heat and add the brandy/cognac.
  4. Let the ice cream base cool down, then chill it thoroughly in the fridge for some hours, and preferably over night.
  5. Churn the properly chilled ice cream base in your ice cream machine according to instructions. No ice cream machine? - Still-freeze the base in your freezer!


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7 Responses

  1. Katerina says:

    It is a really wonderful one. I followed your instructions completely, but increased the amount of alcohol a bit (which in my case was cognac), used very dark chocolate (80%) and mixed in sour cherries cooked in sugar syrup. I wanted to create something like Mon chéri chocolate and it worked (well indeed, it is better than original Mon chéri from Ferrero:) Thanks for great recipe!

  2. Anders says:

    Dear Katerina, so glad to hear you liked it!
    It really is a superb flavour, and your version with cherries sounds delicious:-)

  3. Katerina says:

    I was quite amaze with the base. I use a loads of egg yolks when making ice cream. Which means I have tons of egg whites and I don’t know what to to with them (maybe open macaron shop, but my macarons go wrong so often). Do you use it regularly? Or it works better with thick and rich chocolate?

    • Anders says:

      Yes, I really feel the same about all those egg whites. I try to use mine in sorbets (and sometimes also in frozen yoghurt) 🙂 After all, egg whites also contribute to the stability of chilled desserts. Some confectioners, however, consider that the trade-off is not worth it, since the egg whites also increase the water content of ice cream bases.

      I do use this ‘simplified custard’ from time to time, and am usually very pleased with the results. In my experience, though, it works best when the rest of the base is relatively thick (like with chocolate and/or when the proportion of cream/other fats is relatively high).

  4. Linda says:

    5 stars
    I needed to use up some Valrhona dark chocolate which was out of date but still tasted fine and came across this recipe. I used up all the chocolate as I didn’t have any cocoa powder, and used Spanish brandy as Spain is where we first came across the drink Lumumba. The icecream is really delicious. Thank you for the recipe I’ll be taking a look at your others as currently breaking in a new icecream machine. Thank you.

    • Anders says:

      Hi Linda,
      So happy to hear that you liked the recipe! When it comes to chocolate ice creams, this is still my personal favourite!

  1. 24/03/2013

    […] vari­anta zahr­nuje při­dání alko­holu. Když jsem si pře­četla recept u Anderse na blogu, bylo mi jasné, že to musím zku­sit. Anders v receptu pou­žívá zjed­no­du­še­nou […]

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